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8 Tips for Encouraging Self-Esteem in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children
Children with hearing loss face many obstacles growing up. Early development of self-esteem, self-confidence and self-acceptance are instrumental to their success. Use these tips at home and share them with professionals working with your child. ...

A beginners guide to marketing images with mats
Professional and semi-professional artists and photographers must effectively market their images. This market is very competitive, and keeping costs down while using quality materials is of prime importance. Thoroughly professional ways of...

Is your lifeís purpose for sale?
Is your lifeís purpose for sale? There is no purpose too big or too small By Craig Nathanson Meet Joe. Heís a middle-aged bridge toll-taker in the San Francisco Bay Area. In a recent interview, Joe said he loves the role he has filled for...

Marriage In The Virgin Islands: St. Thomas Weddings
To say that St. Thomas in the US Virgin Islands is a beautiful place is akin to saying that Cindy Margolis is a beautiful woman. You get an idea of what the person making the statement is trying to convey, but the term "beautiful" doesn't quite do...

Wedding Budgeting Tips
Your wedding dress: Start shopping right away. You won't feel rushed or pressured into buying something, and you'll be able to shop smart. Simple plain dresses are usually less expensive then the ones with lace, pearls/beads etc.. You...

 
Photography 101 Part 1


Equipment: camera, meter, flash, tripod

This article is a simplified photography course directed at new photographers out there who want to know where to start.

If you really want to learn photography the first thing you need is a good affordable and reliable camera. It must, and I repeat must, be able to shoot in fully manual and fully auto focus modes. (This leaves out any digital cameras on the market right now, sorry.) To really learn photography you must understand the equipment. Youíll need to learn how manipulating the shutter speed, aperture, and focus will have a dramatic effect on your photos. Meters, if you have a camera that can work in a fully manual mode it should have an internal meter suitable for what you will be doing. Tripod, youíre going to need one whether itís portrait work or landscapes youíll need one eventually. Luckily you donít have to spend a lot here. Just something lightweight and durable. Flash, you can buy a separate camera mounted flash, which is great if you can afford it. Consider what kind of photography that you will be doing though. If youíre going to do mostly nature and landscape, you may only need the fill flash that comes with most cameras today. If you plan on doing portraiture alone you will want to consider a camera mounted flash that has an adjustable angle.

Film, film speed to be exact. Slower speeds (25 to 400) are intended for portraiture and landscape photography. Faster speeds (600 and above) are intended for actions shots and photojournalism. So first you need to know what you going out to photograph and make sure that you have the appropriate film for the job.

Now that you have the camera loaded with film consider shutter speed. Do you want to blur motion, or freeze it? If there is no motion at all what shutter speed do you need to expose the scene with natural light. From 1/60th and down to the bulb setting will blur most motion. For example if you want to blur the water in a waterfall, a setting of 1/30th should work. (Youíll need a tripod though.) 1/125th is a normal setting for most shots. On many cameras the 125th setting is marked in a different color to make it obvious. If you want to freeze action youíll need to start with 1/500th and work up from there. The faster the motion the faster the shutter speed needed to stop motion. Many cameras go up to 1/2000th of a second. If youíre trying to use natural light alone in a scene you will want to determine the aperture first and then see what shutter speed you need to properly expose the scene for available light. (Keep in mind sometimes there isnít enough light.)

Aperture, these are the set of numbers on your lens closest to the body of the camera. They can go from 1.8 to 22, and they are referred to as F-stops. These numbers determine how much light reaches the film inside of your camera. Most internal meters will blink on the appropriate aperture for the shutter speed that youíve set, or the speed youíve set will blink if your F-stop is correct


for the speed. Both the F-stop and shutter speed can be changed to expose the scene correctly. Consider that the faster the shutter speed the more light will be needed to expose the scene correctly. This makes logical sense if you think about it. If the shutter isnít open as long, fast shutter speed, then there is less light able to make it to the film and so the scene must be brighter to expose correctly. To learn, bracket your shots. Take the first shot at the aperture suggested by your meter, move one stop up, take a photo, one down, take another photo.

Flash, I personally like shooting with natural light whenever possible and at most I use a fill flash. But if youíre going to do portrait work then most of the time you may be indoors and you will need a flash sometimes. For the amateur the fill flash units that are on the top of most of todayís cameras are wonderful for basic work. You will have to read your manual on your particular flash unit to learn what it can and canít do. This is where the camera that is fully manual and fully auto is great for the amateur. You can usually set it so that the camera will meter and set the flash output accordingly and then you still can control the shutter speed and aperture.

This weekís assignment: Have several rolls of 400 speed film, find a subject that you can work with preferably something that wonít move, and shoot one roll of film. Shoot some of the roll in the morning, afternoon, and evening. Bracket every shot, take notes on time of day and light conditions, and what your settings (aperture) were for each frame, keep the film speed the same for the entire roll. Have the film developed and examine the photos. You should be able to see a difference in each frame. Youíll need to repeat this procedure until you feel that you understand the relationship between shutter speed and aperture, and every camera and meter has itís own quirks and differences, youíre camera will act differently than someone elseís. This way you will learn you own particular camera as well. Once you have a sense of how aperture works you wonít need to bracket every shot you take, you may only need to do it in cases where you want to be extra safe on exposing the subject correctly.

If you have some specific questions please visit my Photography Forum at: http://kellypaalphotography.com/v-web/bulletin/bb/index.php

Copyright 2004 Kelly Paal

Kelly Paal is a Freelance Nature and Landscape Photographer, exhibiting nationally and internationally. Recently she started her own business Kelly Paal Photography (www.kellypaalphotography.com). She has an educational background in photography, business, and commercial art. She enjoys applying graphic design and photography principles to her web design.

kellypaa@kellypaalphotography.com


 

photo.net Home Page
Learning more about photography? Making photographs · Portraits · Sports · Interior · Macro · Nudes · More Learning Articles. ...
photo.net
 
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Photography essays, documentary photography tips and links to photographers' web sites, photography education, and photojournalism.
www.nationalgeographic.com
 
Photo Galleries - Digital Nature Stock Nude Photography ...
Photography sites is a thematic photography directory with links to many great photographers online photo galleries. Here you will find great picture ...
www.photographysites.com
 
Photography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Traditionally the product of photography has been called a photograph. ... In digital photography, the term image has begun to replace photograph. ...
en.wikipedia.org
 
Digital Camera Reviews and News: Digital Photography Review ...
Current digital photography news, digital camera reviews, articles and discussion forums.
www.dpreview.com
 
Photography at About
Information, advice and interest for all photographers and collectors with an emphasis on professional photography and fine art. Detailed features on all ...
photography.about.com
 
New York Institute of Photography - Home
Offering a home study program in professional photography for all skill levels.
www.nyip.com
 
Photography in the Yahoo! Directory
Explore photography through sites dedicated to photographer portfolios, archives, clubs, themed exhibits, photo formats, photojournalism, preservation, ...
dir.yahoo.com
 
American Museum of Photography (SM) -- View Great Photographs ...
View great images from the history of photography, daguerreotypes to Ansel Adams. Features Americana, Civil War, Wild West, portraits, scenes, ...
www.photographymuseum.com
 
Masters of Photography
Masters of Photography features the greatest practitioners of the camera. Over 1000 photos, along with extensive essays and biographies, ...
masters-of-photography.com
 
Taking Great Pictures
Kodak provides advice on photography. Learn the art of photography at Kodak.com., Kodak provides advice on photography. Learn the art of photography at ...
www.kodak.com
 
Photography: Artistry, Technique and Skill
Discusses photography tips, including information on glamour photography, old photos, taking pictures. Describes the technique, artistry and skill behind ...
www.photography.com
 
Popular Photography
Offers product reviews, forums, how to's, and features on photography. Also includes subscription information.
www.popphoto.com
 
The Seattle Times: Photography
Advertising. The Seattle Times · Times photography · Home delivery ... Photography · Purchase photos · Corrections · Archive · Alerts / E-mails. Marketplace ...
seattletimes.nwsource.com
 
A History of Photography
A hypertext history of photography from earliest times to the 1920s.
www.rleggat.com
 
Corbis: photography, rights, assignment, motion.
pictures, stock photography, digital stock photography, stock photos, stock image, stock pictures, stock agency, digital images, advertising stock, ...
www.corbis.com
 
Fodors.com > Focus on Photography
Travel photography instruction presented by fodors.com.
www.fodors.com
 
Photography -- Philadelphia Inquirer
These photos by Inquirer photographer Eric Mencher attempt to bring to life the ... Inquirer photographer Tom Gralish spent some time recently traveling ...
www.philly.com
 
Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Photography
Dallas Morning News staff photographer Melanie Burford visited the area a week before ... Photographer of the Year Barbara Davidson's photos of Hurricane ...
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Photography Posters at AllPosters.com
Photography Posters at AllPosters.com. Choose from over 300000 posters and prints. Professional custom framing available.
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