Related Links



Informative Articles

Blessings and Lessons of Life
The Collective Online Poetry of Joyce C. Lock - free: for use in their entirety, with credits in tact, for non-profit ministering purposes. Aol Click here or copy and paste into your browser About...

Islamic World Domination
The question is not whether terrorism is now a world-wide reality, but why is terrorism happening at all? And, is it possible to thwart the activities of the Islamic extremists? To understand how to deal with an enemy, one must first seek to...

Let There Be Peace
If we believe we are in the last days, we need to quit calling God's messengers 'false prophets' (Je.25:4). Hell, fire, and brimstone preaching is not a prophet's passion, but the result of other's unbelief. Prophets feel whatever God feels and are...

Pass It On - A Rule For Good Bible Interpretation
With dozens of bible translations available today and a myriad of voices preaching and teaching from theses bibles how do we know which is trustworthy? It is simpler than you think. During the dark ages the scriptures were chained to pedestals in...

contd from Part-1 The same is the case of Salmon: Every neonate Salmon lives in the sea for some time. On its return from the sea, it reaches the river from where it had entered the sea. From this river it goes to the tributary, which had led it...

Religion and Science

There are many kinds of narratives and organizing principles. Science is driven by evidence gathered in experiments, and by the falsification of extant theories and their replacement with newer, asymptotically truer, ones. Other systems - religion, nationalism, paranoid ideation, or art - are based on personal experiences (faith, inspiration, paranoia, etc.).

Experiential narratives can and do interact with evidential narratives and vice versa.

For instance: belief in God inspires some scientists who regard science as a method to "peek at God's cards" and to get closer to Him. Another example: the pursuit of scientific endeavors enhances one's national pride and is motivated by it. Science is often corrupted in order to support nationalistic and racist claims.

The basic units of all narratives are known by their effects on the environment. God, in this sense, is no different from electrons, quarks, and black holes. All four constructs cannot be directly observed, but the fact of their existence is derived from their effects.

Granted, God's effects are discernible only in the social and psychological (or psychopathological) realms. But this observed constraint doesn't render Him less "real". The hypothesized existence of God parsimoniously explains a myriad ostensibly unrelated phenomena and, therefore, conforms to the rules governing the formulation of scientific theories.

The locus of God's hypothesized existence is, clearly and exclusively, in the minds of believers. But this again does not make Him less real. The contents of our minds are as real as anything "out there". Actually, the very distinction between epistemology and ontology is blurred.

But is God's existence "true" - or is He just a figment of our neediness and imagination?

Truth is the measure of the ability of our models to describe phenomena and predict them. God's existence (in people's minds) succeeds to do both. For instance, assuming that God exists allows us to predict many of the behaviors of people who profess to believe in Him. The existence of God is, therefore, undoubtedly true (in this formal and strict sense).

But does God exist outside people's minds? Is He an objective entity, independent of what people may or may not think about Him? After all, if all sentient beings were to perish in a horrible calamity, the Sun would still be there, revolving as it has done from time immemorial.

If all sentient beings were to perish in a horrible calamity, would God still exist? If all sentient beings, including all humans, stop believing that there is God - would He survive this renunciation? Does God "out there" inspire the belief in God in religious folks' minds?

Known things are independent of the existence of observers (although the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics disputes this). Believed things are dependent on the existence of believers.

We know that the Sun exists. We don't know that God exists. We believe

that God exists - but we don't and cannot know it, in the scientific sense of the word.

We can design experiments to falsify (prove wrong) the existence of electrons, quarks, and black holes (and, thus, if all these experiments fail, prove that electrons, quarks, and black holes exist). We can also design experiments to prove that electrons, quarks, and black holes exist.

But we cannot design even one experiment to falsify the existence of a God who is outside the minds of believers (and, thus, if the experiment fails, prove that God exists "out there"). Additionally, we cannot design even one experiment to prove that God exists outside the minds of believers.

What about the "argument from design"? The universe is so complex and diverse that surely it entails the existence of a supreme intelligence, the world's designer and creator, known by some as "God". On the other hand, the world's richness and variety can be fully accounted for using modern scientific theories such as evolution and the big bang. There is no need to introduce God into the equations.

Still, it is possible that God is responsible for it all. The problem is that we cannot design even one experiment to falsify this theory, that God created the Universe (and, thus, if the experiment fails, prove that God is, indeed, the world's originator). Additionally, we cannot design even one experiment to prove that God created the world.

We can, however, design numerous experiments to falsify the scientific theories that explain the creation of the Universe (and, thus, if these experiments fail, lend these theories substantial support). We can also design experiments to prove the scientific theories that explain the creation of the Universe.

It does not mean that these theories are absolutely true and immutable. They are not. Our current scientific theories are partly true and are bound to change with new knowledge gained by experimentation. Our current scientific theories will be replaced by newer, truer theories. But any and all future scientific theories will be falsifiable and testable.

Knowledge and belief are like oil and water. They don't mix. Knowledge doesn't lead to belief and belief does not yield knowledge. Belief can yield conviction or strongly-felt opinions. But belief cannot result in knowledge.

StillFree Reprint Articles, both known things and believed things exist. The former exist "out there" and the latter "in our minds" and only there. But they are no less real for that.

Sam Vaknin ( ) is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He served as a columnist for Central Europe Review, Global Politician, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , and Bellaonline, and as a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent. He is the the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory and Suite101.


Religion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Religion may be defined as the presence of a belief in the sacred or the holy. ... The development of religion is therefore the course of religions aligning ...
religion online
Full texts by religious scholars. Topics include Bible, Theology, Ethics, Church and Society, Communication, Cultural Studies, Homiletics, Missions, ...
Religion and Spirituality in the Yahoo! Directory
Yahoo! reviewed these sites and found them related to Religion and Spirituality.
Yahoo! - Document Not Found
Document Not Found. The document you requested was not found. The category you are trying to reach may have moved. To find a relocated category, ...
Virtual Religion Index
has moved! It is now located at. Note the change of domain & Please notify the source of the link that landed you here. ...
Religious News and Information
The latest news and coverage from the world of religion. From across the globe to here in Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Time covers the most pertinent news ...
World Religions Religion Statistics Geography Church Statistics
Resources for research into world religions, large and (very) small. Includes links to websites, research papers, statistics, and specialized search ...
BBC - Religion & Ethics
News, features and weekly summary about religion in the UK. Includes information about religions, ethics issues, and BBC religious TV and radio programming.
BBC - Religion & Ethics - Religions
An introduction to many of the religions of the world. Includes Jainism, Shinto, Sikhism, Rastafari, Paganism, and many others.
Open Directory - Society: Religion and Spirituality
Kids and Teens: People and Society: Religion and Spirituality (307) ... World Religions and 101 Cults - Contains descriptions and personal commentary of ...
Google Directory - Society > Religion and Spirituality
Kids and Teens > People and Society > Religion and Spirituality (347) ... Contains descriptions and personal commentary of religions, cults, sects, ...
Promoting religious understanding, tolerance and freedom.
Conflicts, evolution, science & religion evaluating each other ... "Study of the world's religions will lead to an understanding of religious diversity; ...
Religious Studies Page
Gene Thursby's extensive collection of information and links for the study and interpretation of religions. Categories include religious traditions, ...
Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Religion
Religion blog: DMN writers and editors explore issues of faith, spirituality and values ... Religion links: Alphabetical list of religious and spiritual ...
Free Religion Ecards, Religion Greeting Cards, Religion Greetings ...
More of Religion ... Home : Religion Greetings ... Food And Drink | Gifts | Invitations | Kids | Love | Music | Pets | Religion | Specials | Sports | Stay ...
Religion -- Philadelphia Inquirer
Most evangelicals now live in China, South Korea, India, Africa and Latin America, where they are transforming their religion. In various ways, they are ...
Religion | The WWW Virtual Library
Religions and belief systems (ancient and contemporary), religious history, mythology, ethics and humanism. this resource in English is indexed under: ...
Religion -
We explore matters of faith and religion on the first Sunday of each month. ... Religion Online Chats. Thursday, Nov. 16, 11 a.m. ET: Faiths Condemn Gay Sex ... Religion
All over Africa, religion is big business. In East Africa, I am particularly impressed by the rate of its growth in Uganda. Uganda is also the country in ...
Error: Invalid story key (C3,20061205,,612040318,AR).
Obituaries · -- Death Notices · Schools · Detroit History. Nation/World. Nation/World · Politics/Gov · -- Election · Health · Religion · Technology. Sports ...


Content Menu
  • 7 words americans should stop using until further investigation

  • abandon religion

  • abaris rabbi the druid

  • about basic teachings of christian faith christians

  • about being a christian

  • about the mark of the beast

  • abraham the dreamer an erotic and sacred love story explores turbulent love triangle

  • african arab muslims teach abraham was black

  • all the same

  • amos and social justice part 2

  • antichrist and the gog magog war

  • an account of jesus temptation

  • an opportunity to turn

  • are you building your own cistern

  • are you where god is

  • ask your angels for help prospering

  • astrology and vedic yajnas rituals in hindu religion

  • as america turns against god

  • author examines complexities of the holy land from a personal perspective

  • awe perfect

  • a commonsense guide to exorcism

  • a common sense approach to religious freedom

  • a house of prayer for all peoples

  • a little bit of something

  • a man of his word

  • a motivating factor

  • a promise fulfilled

  • a psychic confesses

  • a spiritual solution

  • a storm is coming

  • a time for every season

  • baby steps

  • bang

  • bang bang your dead

  • beauty and ecumenicism

  • behold the prince of persia get ready for war with iran

  • believing in jesus is not a religion and god is not a christian

  • between hevan and hell pt 2

  • blessings and lessons of life

  • born to bear witness

  • call no man father

  • can you walk the walk

  • captives of a concept anatomy of an illusion

  • celebrating advent as a family

  • checking our foundation

  • chicken soup with chopsticks excerpts from chapter one

  • christians barred from praying upon jerusalems temple mount

  • christians the minority

  • christmas

  • christ and culture part 1

  • christ in you means no degrees to spirituality

  • come as you are

  • come home

  • comparative religion 101 what they wont tell you in that class

  • consequences

  • conspiracy theorist

  • contemplation

  • controversial role of religious scholars in pakistan

  • counting them happy

  • dating a non christian

  • david ben ariel faces the aryan nations

  • dealing with heart disease

  • dear satan

  • did you inherit your religion

  • does belief in god better your health

  • do angels have names

  • do people see visions anymore

  • esthers zeal the feast of purim

  • expect persecution for speaking the plain truth

  • fall of a nation

  • fornication

  • freedom of access to israel

  • freedom of religion

  • from defeat to victory

  • from orphans to royalty

  • fundamental church failures

  • genuine islam

  • giving credit where credit is due

  • gnosis the secret of solomons temple revealed

  • godless britain

  • gods church must warn the world

  • gods festivals

  • gods one government has two branches

  • god beings in the making

  • god first

  • god in america rip

  • god is not mocked

  • grace for grace

  • hair of women

  • hang on

  • hasten to fast

  • hermeneutics

  • hinduism is source of spiritual energy

  • hindus and their satanic religion

  • history of palestine

  • hitlers positive christianity

  • hitler was a catholic

  • holding onto your peace

  • holy terror

  • hoomana hawaiian gods

  • hypocrites enjoying the freedom of religion

  • if i were called

  • if jesus never came

  • index

  • intelligent design has god turned the tables on evolution

  • intercessory prayer for the pentagon and employees

  • interfaith wedding ceremony ideas

  • in everything you do

  • in the worst of all places

  • islamic world domination

  • islam as a religion of tolerance and moderation

  • islam in the workplace suggested practice for hr personnel

  • islam is not the problem

  • islam religion defines character trait

  • israel work history worldwide church of god

  • is buddhism a religion

  • is christianity losing america

  • is god prejudiced

  • is your life significant

  • its time to retire the christ killer charge

  • jain religion as a world religion

  • jain religion is not to follow

  • jesus and the gnostic cathars

  • jesus christ one can reach god only through him is this statement correct

  • jesus pbuh the pharisee

  • jihad

  • john paul the honest

  • john tetzel scaring the hell out of christians

  • joshian theism i e superultramodern theism

  • knowing them by their fruit

  • kundalini awakening definition and the path

  • law vs liberty

  • legalism

  • lessons from james

  • let there be peace

  • listen for their voices

  • love never fails

  • l ron hubbard jr blows the whistle

  • mahavira 24th tirthankara of jainism his teachings and essence

  • make not my fathers house a house of merchandise

  • making things harder

  • meditation a great catholic bonus

  • meeting jesus in meditation

  • meet his sacrifice

  • meet jesus sacrifice

  • mohammad

  • moslem america

  • moslem america conclusion

  • moslem america part 2

  • navigating the catechism

  • octopussy

  • old world perishes in flood

  • one day at a time

  • one of satans tricks

  • only two paths

  • onward christian soldiers

  • operation save israel

  • pass it on a rule for good bible interpretation

  • pope to sweep europe off its feet

  • poster boy john kerry

  • predestination

  • prioritize your life for success

  • prophecies of the end times

  • pure religion

  • race matters

  • real leadership stability in a sea of change

  • reconstructionism dominionism warfare theology

  • reforming the state church solutions for the church inc 501c3 problem

  • religion

  • religion and disasters

  • religion and science

  • religion and spirituality what differentiates religion from spirituality

  • religion and techology

  • religion as a method of explanation

  • religion is ignorance

  • religion politics the landmark ruling of justice moore vs the united states

  • religion s hes wrong im right

  • religion there it is

  • religious dating traditions and values

  • revelations a study conclusion

  • revelations a study section 13

  • revelations a study section 6

  • rotator

  • salvation army not just a religion a charity worth giving to

  • sammy davis junior found religion

  • scientology the new cult of lies

  • second coming of jesus christ revalation

  • seek god

  • self realization how it can be achieved within ones life time

  • seven truths perceiving this war differently

  • sheik palazzi and the apostle paul

  • should christians judge

  • smartville

  • spiritualisms tools and the last days

  • spirituality vs religion

  • spirituality vs technology a war of ideals

  • spirituality what it truly means to you

  • spiritual belief

  • spiritual prosperity

  • spiritual skepticisms

  • state favors result in state control of the church

  • stop defending your faith

  • superultramodern religion sr

  • swimming upstream

  • terror the lost war

  • then what is the real holy spirit

  • theology hollywood style

  • the amazing destructive power of tradition

  • the angel metatron

  • the apolitic nature of revelations pt 2

  • the apolitic nature of revelations pt 3

  • the apolitic nature of the revelations pt 1

  • the athiests enigma

  • the black pope part one

  • the blind village and the elephant

  • the christian muslim conflict from scripture to religions

  • the church choir

  • the covenant gods relationship to jews israelites and gentiles

  • the crucifixion and escapism theories of karl marx and mircea eliade

  • the de mystified logos john 1 as it was meant to be read

  • the essence of worship part 2

  • the fear of death

  • the god in islam

  • the good and the bad

  • the green cross

  • the holy land as a human shape

  • the kolbrin ancient warnings of modern threats

  • the late great planet earth pt 1

  • the lost pt 2

  • the new age movement

  • the oracles of god

  • the origin of religions

  • the passion of the christ who really killed jesus

  • the pendant of phenice

  • the pharisees

  • the plain truth about the lost ten tribes and why you need to know

  • the plight of pew warmers

  • the power of love

  • the rise and fall of babylon

  • the satanic verses of bhagavad gita

  • the simple enormity of catholicism

  • the story of one soul so far

  • the taxation of religion

  • the temple of love unites every religion and every country as one

  • the truth about jehovah and the madness of organized religions

  • the two most important commandments love

  • the united states of europe is a joke

  • the use of mysticism in the song of songs

  • the zodiac signs of the end times events

  • think about it

  • thomas paine jefferson

  • thou shalt not

  • three stages of soul

  • tommy said intelligent design in school today

  • to the highest bidder part 2

  • to the unknown god

  • two kinds of religions

  • two thousand years later the passion of the christ

  • two witnesses to testify in jerusalem against europe

  • t e n interview with god

  • u n resolution 181 blueprint of the beast

  • viewing the journey as the reward in sports and spirituality

  • walking in dark places

  • we are made to resist

  • what are angels

  • what is islam part 2

  • what is islam part 4

  • what is the spiritual path

  • what is truth

  • what kingdom builders know

  • what that 70s show taught me about christianity

  • when a good man becomes a god man

  • when compassion leaves

  • where have all the disciples gone

  • where to start

  • who made god

  • why hinduism is terrorism

  • why i dont speak in tongues part ii

  • why muslims are losing ground

  • why the extremes

  • winners and losers

  • witchcraft christianity

  • womens place in islam

  • works works or works

  • your endless journey to more abundant life

  • zimbabwe land of tears

  • zombies of the christian reich