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Anti Spam at the Enterprise Level
Copyright 2005 Richard Keir Every one of us knows how spam impacts us. Every day we either get a ton of spam - or if we're fairly well protected by spam filters - only a few pieces. Like a large number of people, I don't use any spam filters....

Clustering Solutions and Zero Downtime Hosting Pitfalls
Title: Clustering Solutions and Zero Downtime Hosting Pitfalls Author: Godfrey Heron Email: info@irieisle-online.com Word Count:1452 Copyright: © 2005 by Godfrey Heron Article URL:www.irieisle-online.com/zero-downtime-hosting.htm Publishing...

Email Anti Spam And Virus Protection For Businesses - There Is Hope
With anti spam vendors offering low cost licensing, businesses can now afford advanced email spam and virus protection with a simple to use interface at a much lower cost. The great thing about technology is that as it evolves it gets...

Improve PC Performance - 6 Tips You Must Know
Are you frustrated with your PC? Is it feeling sluggish or crawling at a snail's pace? Are programs running slower than they used to? Are you just plain fed up with frequent slowdowns, freezes or crashes? Then it's time to stop what you're doing...

The Hidden Tiger:
What can you do to avoid computer slow down? – Part Two Even the most experienced computer users find it extremely difficult to control all resource and system settings of their computer. How do they do it? The answer is simpler than one might...

 
A Brief History of Tablet PCs



In the late 1980s, early pen computer systems generated a lot of excitement and there was a time when it was thought they might eventually replace conventional computers with keyboards. After all, everyone knows how to use a pen and pens are certainly less intimidating than keyboards.





Pen computers, as envisioned in the 1980s, were built around handwriting recognition. In the early 1980s, handwriting recognition was seen as an important future technology. Nobel prize winner Dr. Charles Elbaum started Nestor and developed the NestorWriter handwriting recognizer. Communication Intelligence Corporation created the Handwriter recognition system, and there were many others.





In 1991, the pen computing hype was at a peak. The pen was seen as a challenge to the mouse, and pen computers as a replacement for desktops. Microsoft, seeing slates as a potentially serious competition to Windows computers, announced Pen Extensions for Windows 3.1 and called them Windows for Pen Computing. Microsoft made some bold predictions about the advantages and success of pen systems that would take another ten years to even begin to materialize. In 1992, products arrived. GO Corporation released PenPoint. Lexicus released the Longhand handwriting recognition system. Microsoft released Windows for Pen Computing. Between 1992 and 1994, a number of companies introduced hardware to run Windows for Pen Computing or PenPoint. Among them were EO, NCR, Samsung, Dauphin, Fujitsu, TelePad, Compaq, Toshiba, and IBM. Few people remember that the original IBM ThinkPad was, as the name implies, slate computers.





The computer press was first enthusiastic, then very critical when pen computers did not sell. They measured pen computers against desktop PCs with Windows software and most of them found pen tablets difficult to use. They also criticized handwriting recognition and said it did not work. After that, pen computer companies failed. Momenta closed in 1992. They had used up US$40 million in venture capital. Samsung and NCR did not introduce new products. Pen pioneer GRiD was bought by AST for its manufacturing capacity. AST stopped all pen projects. Dauphin, which was started by a Korean businessman named Alan Yong, went bankrupt, owing IBM over $40 million. GO was taken over by AT&T, and AT&T closed the company in August


1994 (after the memorable "fax on the beach" TV commercials). GO had lost almost US$70 million in venture capital. Compaq, IBM, NEC, and Toshiba all stopped making consumer market pen products in 1994 and 1995.





By 1995, pen computing was dead in the consumer market. Microsoft made a half-hearted attempt at including "Pen Services" in Windows 95, but slate computers had gone away, at least in consumer markets. It lived on in vertical and industrial markets. Companies such as Fujitsu Personal Systems, Husky, Telxon, Microslate, Intermec, Symbol Technologies, Xplore, and WalkAbout made and sold many pen tablets and pen slates.





That was, however, not the end of pen computing. Bill Gates had always been a believer in the technology, and you can see slate computers in many of Microsoft's various "computing in the future" presentations over the years. Once Microsoft reintroduced pen computers as the "Tablet PC" in 2002, slates and notebook convertibles made a comeback, and new companies such as Motion Computing joined the core of vertical and industrial market slate computers specialists.





The primary reason why the Microsoft-specification Tablet PC is reasonably successful whereas earlier attempts were not has two reasons. First, the technology required for a pen slate simply wasn't there in the early 1990s. And second, the pen visionaries' idea of replacing keyboard input with handwriting (and voice) recognition turned out to be far more difficult than anticipated. There were actually some very good recognizers that are still being used today, but they all require training and a good degree of adaptation by the user. You can't just scribble on the screen and the computer magically understands everything. With the Tablet PC, Microsoft downplayed handwriting recognition in favor of "digital ink" as a new data type. This was a very wise decision.



About the author:

Conrad Blickenstorfer is the publisher of the premier website on Rugged PCs, http://www.ruggedpcreview.com, and the long-time editor-in-chief of Pen Computing Magazine (http://www.pencomputing.com). He continues to be on the cutting edge of Rugged PC and Handheld Computing technology. This article may be disseminated on the Web providing the biographical blurb and the link to http://www.ruggedpcreview.com remains in place.

 

Tom's Hardware
: Tom's Hardware Guide is the Internet's premiere resource for hardware news and reviews.
www.tomshardware.com
 
HardwareCentral - Your source for in-depth computer hardware info.
HardwareCentral is the #1 Hardware Information Resource on the 'Net. Featuring over 600 pages of Hardware information, including advice on System ...
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Find your favorite Mac, iPod and other Apple accessories.
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Computer hardware - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The hardware of a computer is infrequently changed, in comparison with software and ... Personal computers, the computer hardware familiar to most people, ...
en.wikipedia.org
 
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Hardware is the general term that is used to describe physical artifacts of a technology. ... In a looser sense, hardware can be major military equipment, ...
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Open Directory - Computers: Hardware
Hardware Central - Computing-centric community providing vital information, support, tools and interaction facilities for power computer users and ...
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Microsoft Hardware – Home Page
Learn about Microsoft mice, keyboards, desktop sets, webcams, media center peripherals, gaming products, fingerprint readers and presentation tools.
www.microsoft.com
 
AnandTech: your source for hardware analysis and news
Independent hands-on reviews of computer hardware such as motherboards, graphic cards, and CPUs.
www.anandtech.com
 
hardware.com - Routers, switches, firewalls, servers, memory ...
Supplier of new and refurbished networking hardware and approved and compatible network accessories. Located in the United Kingdom.
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Slashdot: News for nerds, stuff that matters
From the article: "Although the news caused barely a ripple of reaction in the audience of software and hardware engineers, there are industry analysts who ...
hardware.slashdot.org
 
InformationWeek HardwareTech Center
Our hardware coverage ranges from mobile computers and PDAs to servers and supercomputers, and the infrastructure issues enterprises deal with every day. ...
www.informationweek.com
 
What is hardware? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer ...
This page describes the term hardware and lists other pages on the Web where you can find additional information.
www.webopedia.com
 
Google Directory - Computers > Hardware
Hardware Central - http://www.hardwarecentral.com/ Computing-centric community providing vital information, support, tools and interaction facilities for ...
www.google.com
 
Gifts: Unique Gifts & Gift Ideas at Restoration Hardware
At Restoration Hardware, you'll explore an exceptional world of high quality unique gifts. Browse our products to find gift ideas & more at Restoration ...
www.restorationhardware.com
 
HwB: The Hardware Book
HwB provides you with circuits, pinouts, cable/adapter descriptions and other technical information.
www.hardwarebook.net
 
Reg Hardware: Product News and Gadget Reviews from The Register
More Gadgets Stuff. 5th December 2006 12:09 GMT. Author: Reg Hardware ... 27th November 2006 15:31 GMT. Author: The Hardware Widow ...
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A complete illustrated Guide to the PC Hardware
A complete illustrated Guide to the PC Hardware, Logic and Architecture. 500 easy-read articles about the modern PC. Understand the basic architecture of ...
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